Thursday, 22 June 2017 00:07

    How serious is air pollution in Vietnam?

    Written by
    Rate this item
    (0 votes)

    Every year, Vietnam loses 5 percent of GDP due to pollution. Last year, Hanoi topped the list of the most polluted cities in South East Asia.

    A research study by Yale University found that Vietnam’s PM2.5 index (fine dust with particles smaller than 2.5 micrometers) ranked 170th out of 180 surveyed countries.

    A report of GreenID, a non-governmental organization, showed that the PM2.5 index in Hanoi is five times higher than the World Health Organization’s (WHO) annual average level. The index in HCMC is lower, but is still twice as much as the recommended level.


    The sources of air pollution in Vietnam include coal-fired power plants, transport vehicle emissions, industrial emissions, construction activities, waste incineration, household cooking and transboundary pollution.

    According to the HCMC Environment Protection Sub-department, air pollution in HCM is mostly caused by transport vehicles. The city has the highest number of motorbikes in the world – 7.3 million – and more than 600,000 cars, which consume 4 million liters of fuel a day.

    More than 2.5 million out of 6 million motorbikes that have expired in Hanoi will be recalled in order to mitigate the increasingly serious air pollution, according to Hanoi’s Mayor Nguyen Duc Chung.

    Ho Quoc Bang from the HCM Institute of Environment and Natural Resources said the air quality would not improve with increased population, transport vehicles and economic activities.

    The reports of the local environment departments in 2014 showed that of 170 factories and production workshops that produced emissions, 81 instant noodle, chemical and dying units did not have emission treatment systems.

    A typical characteristic in the 2011-2015 development period was the air pollution caused by thermopower plants. This is why air pollution in the north was more serious than the south: most of the power plants were located in the area.

    HCMC’s residents are concerned about a new thermopower plant to be set up in Long An province, which could bring dust to the city and pollute the environment with coal residue ash and industrial waste water.

    A research study by WHO conducted at 3,000 spots around the world found particularly high air pollution level in South East Asia, especially in China, Vietnam and Malaysia. 

    A research study by Dr Le Viet Phu estimated that 40,000 people died in 2013 because of PM2.5, which meant a loss of 5 percent of GDP.


    Read 33 times

    Leave a comment

    Make sure you enter all the required information, indicated by an asterisk (*). HTML code is not allowed.

    Most popular...

    • Uber must pay tax for drivers in Vietnam: finance ministry
      Uber must pay tax for drivers in Vietnam: finance ministry

      The Netherlands-based Uber BV will have to pay taxes owed both by itself and its drivers, the Vietnamese finance ministry has decided.
      Uber BV issues invoices for rides and handles revenues in Vietnam, but pays no taxes.
      According to the decision, the taxi hailing company will have to authorize its subsidiary in Vietnam or a third party to declare and pay those taxes.

      Written on Friday, 07 July 2017 06:00 in Business Be the first to comment! Read 19 times Read more...
    • PM speeds up City metro work
      PM speeds up City metro work

      The total investment for Metro Line No 1 in HCM City after three adjustments has increased from VNĐ14.415 trillion ($631 million) to VNĐ47.325 trillion ($2.07 billion). The PM has agreed to advance ODA capital for the project. — VNS Photo Bồ Xuân Hiệp
      Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc has agreed to advance Official Development Assistance (ODA) capital for the Metro Line No 1 Bến Thành – Suối Tiên to meet the project’s schedule.

      Written on Sunday, 09 July 2017 06:00 in Infrastructure Be the first to comment! Read 16 times Read more...
    • Vietnamese software firms consider Japan as the major market
      Vietnamese software firms consider Japan as the major market

      The Japanese software market is really attractive in the eyes of Vietnamese software outsourcing firms, but Vietnamese firms always have to struggle to penetrate the lucrative market. According to Vinasa (Vietnam Software and IT Service Association), up to 80 percent of Vietnamese firms consider Japan as the core market when doing the outsourcing for foreign partners. Of these, only five percent of businesses has been exploiting the Japanese market, 20 percent of businesses consider Japan as the main market, and 55 percent consider Japan as one of their main markets.

      Written on Friday, 07 July 2017 06:00 in Business Be the first to comment! Read 15 times Read more...
    • Vietnam Renews India Oil Deal in Tense South China Sea
      Vietnam Renews India Oil Deal in Tense South China Sea

      Vietnam has extended an Indian oil concession in the South China Sea and begun drilling in another area it disputes with China in moves that could heighten tensions over who owns what in the vital maritime region.
      The moves come at a delicate time in Beijing's relations with Vietnam, which claims parts of the sea, and India, which recently sent warships to monitor the Malacca Straits, through which most of China's energy supplies and trade passes.
      Vietnam granted Indian oil firm ONGC Videsh a two-year extension to explore oil block 128 in a letter that arrived earlier this week, the state-run company's managing director Narendra K. Verma told Reuters.
      Part of that block is in the U-shaped 'nine-dash line' which marks the vast area that China claims in the sea, a route for more than $5 trillion in trade each year in which the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia and Taiwan also have claims.

      Written on Sunday, 09 July 2017 06:00 in Business Be the first to comment! Read 15 times Read more...
    • Victor Vũ’s new movie set in Quảng Bình
      Victor Vũ’s new movie set in Quảng Bình

      QUẢNG BÌNH — A large part of the movie Người Bất Tử (The Immortal), directed by Vietnamese American director Victor Vũ, will be shot in the magnificent caves of Quảng Bình Province.

      The Vietnamese movie, scheduled to be released in 2018, will be filmed in 52 days in Hà Nội; the central provinces of Hà Nam, Hưng Yên and Quảng Bình; HCM City; and the southern provinces of Tiền Giang and Đồng Nai, revealed production director Trần Thị Bích Ngọc.

      The footage filmed in central province of Quảng Bình will make up around 70 per cent of the movie. It will be shot in several caves including Phong Nha and Tú Làn, Đồng Hới City and Quy Đạt, Bố Trạch and Tuyên Hóa districts, capturing the scenic landscapes and the beauty of the cave system in Quảng Bình.

      Written on Sunday, 09 July 2017 06:00 in Culture Be the first to comment! Read 14 times Read more...


    © 2017 Eyes on Vietnam. All Rights Reserved. Designed By Lennart

    Please publish modules in offcanvas position.